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and Munagala, Kamesh Hybrid Keyword Search Auctions.
Search auctions have become a dominant source of revenue generation on the Internet. Such auctions have typically used per-click bidding and pricing. We propose the use of hybrid auctions where an advertiser can make a per-impression as well as a per-click bid, and the auctioneer then chooses one of the two as the pricing mechanism. We assume that the advertiser and the auctioneer both have separate beliefs (called priors) on the click-probability of an advertisement. We ﬁrst prove that the hybrid auction is truthful, assuming that the advertisers are risk-neutral. We then show that this auction is superior to the existing per-click auction in multiple ways: 1. We show that risk-seeking advertisers will choose only a per-impression bid whereas risk-averse advertisers will choose only a per-click bid, and argue that both kind of advertisers arise naturally. Hence, the ability to bid in a hybrid fashion is important to account for the risk characteristics of the advertisers. 2. For obscure keywords, the auctioneer is unlikely to have a very sharp prior on the click-probabilities. In such situations, we show that having the extra information from the advertisers in the form of a perimpression bid can result in signiﬁcantly higher revenue. 3. An advertiser who believes that its click-probability is much higher than the auctioneer’s estimate can use per-impression bids to correct the auctioneer’s prior without incurring any extra cost. 4. The hybrid auction can allow the advertiser and auctioneer to implement complex dynamic programming strategies to deal with the uncertainty in the clickprobability using the same basic auction. The per-click and per-impression bidding schemes can only be used to implement two extreme cases of these strategies. ∗Research supported in part by NSF ITR grant 0428868, by gifts from Google, Microsoft, and Cisco, and by the Stanford-KAUST alliance. †Research supported by NSF via a CAREER award and grant CNS-0540347.
About this site
This website has been set up for WWW2009 by Christopher Gutteridge of the University of Southampton, using our EPrints software.
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It's impractical to add all the workshops at WWW2009 by hand, but if you can provide me with the metadata in a machine readable way, I'll have a go at importing it. If you are good at slinging XML, my ideal import format is visible at http://www2009.eprints.org/import_example.xml
We (Southampton EPrints Project) intend to preserve the files and HTML pages of this site for many years, however we will turn it into flat files for long term preservation. This means that at some point in the months after the conference the search, metadata-export, JSON interface, OAI etc. will be disabled as we "fossilize" the site. Please plan accordingly. Feel free to ask nicely for us to keep the dynamic site online longer if there's a rally good (or cool) use for it...
- WWW2009 EPrints supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://www2009.eprints.org/cgi/oai2
- The JSON URL is http://www2009.eprints.org/cgi/json?callback=function&eprintid=number
To prevent google killing the server by hammering these tools, the /cgi/ URL's are denied to robots.txt - ask Chris if you want an exception made.
Feel free to contact me (Christopher Gutteridge) with any other queries or suggestions. ...Or if you do something cool with the data which we should link to!
These are not directly related to the EPrints set up, but may be of use to delegates.
- Social tool links
- I've put links in the page header to the WWW2009 stuff on flickr, facebook and to a page which will let you watch the #www2009 tag on Twitter. Not really the right place, but not yet made it onto the main conference homepage. Send me any suggestions for new links.